Albert Einstein was born on 14 March 1879 – 18 April 1955. Albert Einstein was a German-born theoretical physicist. He is best known for his theory of relativity and specifically mass–energy equivalence, expressed by the equation E = mc2.
Einstein received the 1921 Nobel Prize in Physics “for his services to Theoretical Physics, and especially for his discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect.” Einstein published over 300 scientific works and over 150 non-scientific works. In 1999 Time magazine named him the “Person of the Century”. In wider culture the name “Einstein” has become synonymous with genius.